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Testing VC10s
G-ARTA's first flight
Trials and Tribulations
Trials and Tribulations - part 2
Trials and Tribulations - part 3
Operating VC10s in Africa
VC10 Characters
Addis Ababa 1972
IFR conditions on the flight deck
Radio Development on the VC10
White Waltham Silver Jubilee Airshow
Testing and Airline days
Peril lurking in 1st class
From the cabin
The aircraft I didn’t want to fly
G-AXLR Test Flying
The hijacking of BA771 G-ASGO
The 1st and last VC10 flight
Everything RAF
Introducing the VC10 into service
Photo Collection - Ken White
Memories of RAF Brize Norton
Fun and Games with Harold
Record-setting days in the RAF
Daily Mail Trans-Atlantic Air Race
Cabin Crew - Again?

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VC10 Characters

This website is about the aircraft of course, but we have to remember that it was a group of people that designed it, built it, maintained it, operated it and went off on their holidays thanks to the VC10. On this page I have collected all the stories that showcase specific persons, no matter if their contribution to the story of the VC10 was small or large. If you know of someone that deserves some attention here, feel free to send in a story with a photo or two.

Addicott, Dizzy
Anderson, Andy
Baker, Bert
Brown, Richard
Bryce, Jock
Edwards, George
Frish, Anthony
Heron, James
Mullet, Gwyn
Orlebar, Chris
Payton, Basil
Radford, Roy
Ricketts, Arthur
Spence, Richie
Trubshaw, Brian
Wilmer, Maurice

Desmond 'Dizzy' Addicott 1922 - 2005

Born as Desmond Gerald Addicott in 1922, at school he collected the nickname 'Dismal Desmond'. In 1942 he joined the RAF and his school nickname was soon shortened to 'Dizzy'. After flying training in Canada, he started operations on the Mosquito in Burma in 1945, becoming an instructor on the type in 1946. A year later he was a test pilot on Vickers Wellingtons at 201 AFS Swinderby. After a spell as a civilian flying instructor and ferrying aircraft for Short Brothers, he was employed by Vickers-Armstrong at Wisley in 1955, as a comms and production test pilot. Between 1961 and 1965 he was seconded to Hunting aircraft as a Senior test pilot on the Jet Provost, returning to Wisley in 1965 to work on the Vanguard, 1-11 and VC10 projects, until 1971.

Dizzy's career also included jobs flying aircraft as varied as the Ju-52, B-25 and the Vimy replica for a number of movies, and he became a well-known name on the air show circuit. One of the stories that did the rounds about him was that he ferried a VC10 with a technical issue back to the UK from the USA with only the crew as passengers and he barrel rolled it halfway across the Atlantic.

He was also an enthusiastic racing driver, with plans to break the, then, current landspeed record of 407 mph with a vehicle based on a Supermarine Swift fighter. It is ironic that a road traffic accident claimed his life on the evening of 10th December 2005.

Source: The Tartan Terror weblog

Captain Andy Anderson

In his Plane Tales podcast (part of the Airline Pilot Guy show but also available seperately), Nick Anderson talks about many different bits of aviation history and has also taken the time to interview his father, Captain Andy Anderson. Andy's career has spanned forty years, from flying Sunderlands in WW II to captaining the 747 for Kuwait Airways. Along the way he also converted to the VC10, training at Wisley during the development of the type, to fly the type for BUA. In this transcript from one of the interviews, copied with permission, he talks about the VC10 and one memorable takeoff from Los Cerillos.

A great portrait of Captain Andy Anderson, taken by his son Nick.
Copyright Nick Anderson Photography

Nick: The Britannia might not have been your favourite aircraft, but which one did you enjoy flying the most?

Andy: When the British government relaxed its mores on independent airlines and allowed them to purchase really modern aeroplanes that competed with the corporations, the company ordered Vickers VC10s. Now, the Vickers VC10 was the last of the Vickers aeroplanes that was produced and it was the most sophisticated aeroplane. The request was from BOAC to make an aircraft that flew from hot, high airfields, because they needed this during scheduled services into places like La Paz and Nairobi and Johannesburg, which were quite high and hot airfields. So it turned out that the VC10 was one of the most sophisticated aircraft to be produced at that time and it was overpowered. You couldn’t imagine a more satisfactory aeroplane from a pilot’s point of view. If you’ve got an overpowered aeroplane, you feel a lot happier than with one that is just staggering along with the power that its got. We used to fly just below the speed of sound, and this was before the times where everyone had to fly at the same speed, for instance across the Atlantic.

Nick: If you used to cruise pretty fast and pretty high, what happened if you lost an engine? Say up there in the low (Flight level) 400’s? Whereas, nowadays we would drift down quite a long way, but on the VC10, what happened?

Andy: Now if you wished, you could just push the other three up. Now that’s quite an aeroplane when you can do that!

Nick: Excellent! Now there was once an incident, I remember you mentioning, where you managed to set a runway on fire. Do you remember that?

Andy: (laughing) Yes, that was a very strange thing that happened! And it was hushed up, both by myself not saying anything and the people involved, and the airfield not saying anything because probably the runway was in pretty poor condition anyway. The place was Santiago in Chili, and the name of the airfield was Los Cerrillos. Now, Los Cerrillos was the airfield that we were going into initially while the Chileans were building their brand new airport some distance on the other side of the city. That new airport had everything you could desire, including ILS etcetera, whereas Los Cerrillos, all it had was pretty poor runways and an old ADF system. Now the reason for the fire was that the Dunlop rep joined the crew in the hotel and we were talking about V2 climbs. I said if you are out at the airfield in the morning I’ll show you a V2 climb. And he said: "I’m only too willing to come out to the airport". So as you all know, there are three commands that the first officer gives the captain on take off. The first one is ‘V1', after which you may not stop. The second one is ‘Rotate', which allows the captain time to ease the stick back to get the aircraft into a flying attitude. And the next one is ‘V2', where the aircraft has lifted off the ground and its at minimum flying speed. So, when the first officer called ‘V2', the angle of climb was really quite steep, and the tail end of the aeroplane was pointing four enormous Conways down onto this broken up surface of the runway. And, little reason why it should not catch fire! (laughing) So we held the V2 attitude until we got to about 3000 feet and then we levelled off and turned downwind and I glanced back at the airfield in time to see the smoke rising from the runway and the fire engine tearing out to try and put it out.

Nick: (laughing) I love that, that is a great story! You moved from the VC10 onto the 707. There’s a lovely phrase you used to describe the 707, what kind of aircraft was it?

Andy: Well, after the enjoyment of flying the VC10, the 707 was a different kettle of fish. We used to called it a very nice piece of agricultural equipment, which, compared with the VC10, we really thought it was.

To listen to this story yourself, listen to Part 3 and Part 4 of the first set of Andy Anderson interviews in the Plane Tales podcast. There are several photos from Andy's BUA career on Dave Thaxter's excellent British Caledonian website

Captain Andy Anderson passed away, aged 97, on 13th May 2020.

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Flight Engineer George Albert (Bert) Baker

A while ago I posted the story below about the Navigator on 5N-ABD's fateful last flight, written by his daughter. This triggered an e-mail from Bob Baker who had been in a very similar situation as he lost his father in that same tragic accident. Here is his story:

Bert Baker behind the two Brownings of a Westland Lysander.
Photo via R. Baker

Bert started his aviation career in 1937 as a maintenance trainee at Imperial Airways at Hythe, Hampshire. At the outbreak of war he was called into the Royal Air Force where he worked in various locations, including around Lysanders judging by the photo on the right. After the cessation of hostilities he joined Cunliff-Owen Aircraft at Southampton. He was then offered a position with British Overseas Airways Corporation as a Flight Engineer on their flying boats, based at Hythe.

In 1951 he joined Trans Oceanic Airways, based at Rose Bay, Sydney, Australia. Unfortunately, the aircraft that was to deliver him to Australia (a Shorts Solent) crashed on take-off, at Malta, with one fatality. The aircraft was floating upside down with all survivors sitting on the wings, when one passenger tried to swim to the rescue boats but perished in the attempt. Bert lost all of his belongings when the aircraft sank. A second aircraft made the trip, with little effort.

A BOAC Shorts Solent afloat.
Photo via R. Baker

Passengers boarding Solent G-AKNR.
Photo via R. Baker

This photo seems to have been taken from another flying boat and shows converted Short S.25 Sunderland G-AGHZ with the number two engine feathered.
Photo via R. Baker

A short time after moving to Sydney (in 1953) the company went bankrupt. Fortunately, QANTAS were looking for "boat" people, and Bert joined the company at its base at Rose Bay. Flying was very different to that of Europe! The early fifties still had the left-over dangers from the Pacific War, and operating any type of aircraft demanded a large amount of skill and luck, especially when flying into Rabaul, Buka, Kieta, or Port Moresby, New Guinea.

The Baker family with Bert in his new Qantas uniform.
Photo via R. Baker

Another family portrait from those days.
Photo via R. Baker

The days of the Flying Boats were unfortunately slowly fading away, and after six years Bert moved on to land planes, namely the Lockheed Constellation, considered by some to be the prettiest aircraft ever designed. It was still tough to make a living since the company used to "slip" the crews. This consisted for example of flying Sydney to Darwin, Darwin to Djakarta, Djakarta to Singapore, and then a crew change. The previously rested crew would then take the aircraft on to Colombo and then Bombay. The crew would reach its London destination eventually, using this method. After a few days rest, they would do the same thing in reverse. This method called for about nine days to reach London, and another nine to reach the home port of Sydney. In the pre-credit card era mum would try and stretch five or six pounds left by dad, to pay the rent and keep two growing lads fed and clothed. Since dad would have a couple scheduled days off between flights, he would work at the local garage, fixing cars for a little extra cash.

Bert Baker showing a young passenger around his workplace in a Lockheed L-1049 Super Constellation.
Photo via R. Baker

Bert Baker and the rest of the crew with one of the company's three Super Constellations. The dancers were there to welcome the aircraft to Thailand.
Photo via R. Baker

The family were off again, to Thailand this time, when dad found a position with Thai Airways in Bangkok. Brand new "Super Connie's" were brought on line with Australian and American crews assisting the local lads. It was soon noted however, that they could not make money with the routes they were flying with that type of aircraft. After a short while, we said goodbye to that beautiful country and made our way back to the U.K. Dad found a position as a Flight Engineer, with Hunting Clan Air Transport, flying Bristol Britannias, known as the Whispering Giants due to their lack of cabin and engine noise. Shortly thereafter in July 1960, two major aviation companies, Airwork and Hunting Clan, merged to form British United Airways. Dad was overjoyed to go through the required training and eventually qualify as a Flight Engineer on the VC10.

Bert Baker (bottom left) with his colleagues on the VC10 course.
Photo via R. Baker

His first flight was on G-ASIX, Gatwick to Entebbe, Entebbe to Nairobi, Nairobi to Entebbe, Entebbe to Gatwick, on November 22, 1964. Like many other members of our profession, Dad was well aware of the "downside" of aviation and the cruel price some must pay. We are all rather blasé when discussing aviation accidents, since it cannot happen to us, but maybe someone we might know. For the first time in a long career Dad could see that retirement was within his grasp in a short three or four years.

He was on secondment from BUA to Nigeria Airways on November 19, 1969, when the unthinkable happened to VC10 5N-ABD. The aircraft struck large trees on its approach to the airport at Lagos. There were no survivors. There has been a lot of speculation about the cause and information has been hard to acquire in the past. It has been only recently that an accident report has been available. I feel extremely privileged to know a young lady (Claire) who actually went to the crash site, and took photos (bravo!). Her father was Basil Payton, the aircraft's Navigator. We have all suffered in one way or another since then, and I am pleased to be able to enlighten you on the way things were.

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Memories of a neighbour

Paul Greer sent in his memories of Dicky Brown, an erstwhile neighbour who had a bad accident while working with VC10s.

"I lived from the age of around 10, a stones' throw away from LHR, in a place called Charlton Village in Shepperton, Middlesex. Being only a 10 minutes drive from LHR, it was a popular place to live for those employed in and around LHR. One of our neighbours in Hetherington Road was a chap called Richard Brown, who worked as a ground engineer for the then BEA/BOAC.

I remember coming downstairs one morning in what I think was the autumn of 1972, to hear my Mother asking another neighbour about "what happened to poor old Richard...."

Dicky Brown had very narrowly escaped with his life after being ingested into I believe the nr 2 or 3 (inboard) engine of a VC10 on an engine run-up stand: he'd only recently been issued with a new-style anorak with a drawstring around the waist that when pulled tight made the anorak into a bell-shaped death-trap.

Apparently someone in the cockpit nudged the throttle in question a bit too firmly, the engine spooled up (like it should...) and Dicky Brown was lifted up off his feet and into the powerplant....

The event had been observed from the ground and as a "bump" by the run-up crew on the flight deck, who instantly shut down all the engines.

Dicky Brown was removed more alive than dead a short while later and spent a long time recovering in hospital. He'd tumbled around in the inlet, being rapidly chopped to pieces by the vanes: he'd lost his right arm from the elbow down, and three of the remaining five fingers on the other arm, suffered severe abrasions to the head and ears and legs. His wife and their son and daughter had to learn to live with a changed man, who did fight back to such a degree of normalcy, that he relearned to drive a specially adapted van, had an old-fashioned hook fitted, shunning any 6-million-dollar-man type of prosthetic device, and was given a very responsible desk job back within the BEA/BOAC concern.

I myself went on to become later in life a Line Station Manager for British Airways in Sweden in the 1980's, and had the tremendous good fortunate to remake Dicky Browns acquaintance by chance whilst attending a Disaster Management course at LHR. Dicky was then Duty Manager Operations (Maintenance) at BA's Network Control centre, and I think is probably enjoying well-earned retirement by now.

Progress has, however, given us better equipment, procedures and systems to work with - for that we should at least be grateful. Even if Dicky Brown had had such measures that night he may not have gotten off any better.

If you publish this, and anyone knowing Dicky Brown reads this, please give him my regards. No longer with BA, or even Swissair with whom I spent the last 10 years with, I now enjoy the crazier and more volatile world of passing on IT skills to teenagers.

All the best, Paul Greer."

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Gabe Robb 'Jock' Bryce OBE

Ex-Vickers test pilot 'Jock' Bryce passed away on 7th May 2014. Born in Glasgow in 1921 he joined the RAF in 1939, flew during WW II in various squadrons until being posted to the King's flight in 1946. In 1947 he joined Vickers Armstrong as a test pilot under 'Mutt' Summers, later moving up to the post of Chief Test Pilot. Jock was captain or co-pilot for the first flight of eleven prototypes, including the first VC10 G-ARTA on 29th June 1962. He was laid to rest in Leatherhead on Friday May 23rd, 2014.

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Sir George Edwards OM, CBE

Sir George Edwards seen at Brooklands on the day of the arrival of the Sultan of Oman's VC10, 6th August 1987.
Photo A. Pruden

On 2nd March 2003 engineer and designer Sir George Edwards passed away, aged 94, closing a varied life of huge achievement carried with modesty and humour.

Sir George Edwards, OM, CBE, chairman, British Aircraft Corporation, 1963-75, was born on July 9, 1908. After graduating from London University in Engineering, he joined the design section of Vickers-Armstrongs, Limited at Weybridge. In 1939, he was appointed Experimental Works Manager and in 1941 was seconded to the government to advise on expedited aircraft production. In September 1945, he was appointed Chief Designer of the team that produced the Viking, Valetta, Varsity, Viscount and Valiant.

While serving as Managing Director of Vickers-Armstrongs Aircraft, he was knighted in 1957. In this period he was associated with the development of the Vanguard, VC10 and TSR 2. In May 1961, Sir George as Executive Director - Aircraft, British Aircraft Corporation, initiated the BAC One Eleven jet airliner. Then came a series of major international ventures for the British aircraft industry. These would include Concorde, Jaguar and the Panavia Tornado, Multi Role Combat Aircraft.

From Wellesley to Concorde, his life has not only paralleled some of the greatest achievements in the history of aviation, he has also left an indelible stamp on it with his designing genius and great leadership. Apart from aviation his interests also included painting and cricket.

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Captain Tony Frish

One of the strange occurances that happened during the VC10's civil career was the ELRAT incident. The ELRAT itself wasn't the culprit here, that role was reserved for a mix-up on the F/E's fuel panel that caused all four engines to run down as G-ASGL was flying over the South China Sea at night. The Captain on that flight was Tony Frish, who retired less than a year after this incident, having enjoyed a long career with BOAC and British Airways. Thanks to his son Andy I can share some details about Captain Frish here.

"Born in Hampstead, London, on August 3rd 1920, Anthony George (Tony) Frish proved to be extremely bright. In fact he was (and may still be, I don’t know) the youngest student ever to go to London University, being only 16 years old at the time. He originally wanted to be a research chemist and was working on the early development of cathode ray tubes but the outbreak of war in 1939 saw him volunteer for the RAF.  He learnt to fly in Georgia, USA, in 1941 with the Arnold Scheme. Following completion of his flying training, he returned to UK and was fortunate in being selected to do pilot training. This saw him remain in UK during 1942-43 which of course was when Bomber Command was suffering massive losses. Much of that training was on Airspeed Oxfords, though he was involved with many other aircraft types including Ansons, Wellingtons, Halifaxes and Lancasters before commencing his operational tour on Lancasters with 103 Squadron at Elsham Wolds, North Lincolnshire on August 6th 1944. He completed his tour on November 27th 1944.

Andy Frish was able to fly with his father several times, enabling this view of Tony Frish at work at 25000 feet.
Photo A. Frish

After the war, he joined BOAC and would go on to fly Yorks, Argonauts, DC-7Cs, the sole CL-44 that BOAC leased and finally the VC10 which, like everybody who has ever had anything to do with the aircraft, Tony loved and always praised. He said it was not only probably the most elegant-looking aircraft ever to fly but it was also an absolute pleasure to fly from a pilot’s perspective. He retired from the VC10 on June 20th, 1975. I had accompanied him on several trips over the years and was also lucky enough to be on that very last trip with him, which was Heathrow to New York and back via Prestwick. I’ll never forget the takeoff from Prestwick. This was on Super VC10 G-ASGD, and it was a positioning flight just to return the aircraft to Heathrow so no passengers, just the crew and myself with minimal fuel needed. He was supposed, in such circumstances, to do a “graduated-power” takeoff, to preserve engine life of course. He said to me “Bugger that, we’re going to go for it!” The acceleration of ‘GD on that day was nothing short of breath-taking! I couldn’t lift my arm off the jump seat armrest, we were absolutely flattened back in our seats! Rate of climb was huge and we passed over the far end of the runway at well over 800 feet!

Official photo of Tony Frish on the occasion of his last VC10 flight.
Photo British Airways PLC via A. Frish

Tony Frish leaving Super VC10 G-ASGD at London Heathrow after his retirement flight.
Photo A. Frish

Andy Frish congratulating his father on a job well done, after his last VC10 flight.
Photo British Airways PLC via A. Frish

After his retirement my parents decided to emigrate to Australia, settling there in 1992. At a local airfield a historian friend owned a beautiful Stearman biplane and a few enquiries resulted in Tony having a flight in this Stearman for his 80th birthday. Tony was never one to show a lot of emotion but on that day when he walked back from the aircraft I don’t think I’ve ever seen a grin like it! He said to me “You would have had no way of knowing it, but it’s 60 years almost to the day since I last flew one of those!” Part of his flying training in Georgia had been in Stearmans. It was most gratifying to see him like that! Not only that, but the aircraft had its “built date” on the side ….. 1941!"

Tony passed away on May 8th, 2010, the 65th anniversary of VE-day, surrounded by his family. In November 2010 his youngest son Howard officially opened a private bar at Andy's house called 'The Aviator' that is dedicated to the memory of Captain Anthony George (Tony) Frish D.F.C.

Click here for several flight deck audio recordings from Tony's son Andy.

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Captain James L. Heron and the VC10

Mr. Quentin Heron e-mailed me the following recollections of his and his father's associations with the VC10. He was on board for the inaugural Super VC10 flight from London to New York, continuing on to San Franciso, on 1st April 1965.

"My father ended his BOAC career on 6th January 1971 as a Senior Captain on the VC10, having previously flown the Liberator, Constellation and Britannia for the airline.

Although we lived as a family in Surrey, my father was an Australian, and he took us all to Australia to visit his relatives and friends in Queensland every few years, using his Free-Of-Charge (FOC) tickets.

The second of these trips Down Under was in March & April 1965 when I was only 9 years old. We departed Heath Row for New York on 30th March 1965, where we spent two nights, before leaving for San Francisco on the 1st April 1965.

The certificate issued for the first commercial Super VC10 service on 1st April 1965.
Photo Q. Heron

On reading through Wikipedia today, I have discovered that this was the same date as the first commercial service by Super VC10. This triggered a memory, and when I went to the top of the stairs in my home where my childhood memories are framed and hung, I discovered - lo and behold - the Super VC10 'First Commercial Flight' certificate issued to all passengers, and signed by Captain Harry R. Nicholls, who was a good friend and colleague of my father.

I can recall visiting the flight deck en route, and standing there asking question after question, all patiently answered by Harry Nicholls - a rare treat for any 9 year old boy.

For those who read your website and might remember, my father was Captain James L. Heron who performed some of the developmental flying on the VC10 and wrote some of the BOAC manuals for the aircraft. His nickname at BOAC was 'Jimmy The Bird', and although he was aware of his reputation for very formal behaviour, Dad knew nothing of this (or any other) nickname until I found out about it and told him in 1975, more than four years after he retired. I am happy to report that he was vastly amused!

I also have my 50,000 mile certificate for the Junior Jet Club, dated 5th April 1965; it is signed by the redoubtable O. P. Jones - does that make it a collector's item, I wonder? :-)

My father used to tell me stories about the old Imperial Airways Captains and about O. P. Jones in particular, and the general fear and reverence with which they were held by the young, post-WW2 ex-RAF recruits (such as my father) to BOAC. 

Apart from the logbook and pin, if you flew often enough you would also get one of these.
Photo Q. Heron

It was O. P. Jones who - according to my father - had been commanding a flight across the Atlantic shortly after the War, in an unidentified aircraft type, and was back at the navigator's table, pouring over the charts and smoking the pipe for which he was universally known and recognised. Jones was head down and deep in discussions with the Navigating Officer, when the FO turned around to ask a question, and the FO's knee hit the gang bar covering all eight magneto switches, turning them all off simultaneously, and thus causing all four engines to shut down at once, some 20,000'+ over the ocean at night. An impenetrable, shocked silence settled over the entire flight deck, with everyone frozen involuntarily in their places and appalled looks on everyone's face. No-one was able even to say a word. O. P. Jones did not turn a hair, and without so much as looking up, he simply took the pipe out of his mouth and said: "Quiet, isn't it?", and replaced his pipe in between his teeth.

Of course, the engines were quickly re-started, and being out of radar coverage with few if any other aircraft in the sky then, nothing else happened and nothing more was reportedly said about the incident. But O. P. Jones was hard to beat for sheer sang froid.

My father also remembered flying with the author, David Beaty, shortly after WW2, before Beaty left flying to pursue his writing full-time. Beaty was senior to my father, and Dad painted him as a rather prickly character.

In the end, of course, Dad became one of BOAC's 'Atlantic Barons' himself, spending much of the latter part of his career flying from LHR to any one of the multiple destinations in North America served by BOAC VC10. I think his fleet seniority number was 3 by the time he retired, and I accompanied him on his very last flight for BOAC in December 1970/January 1971 - I was 15 at the time.

We passengered LHR-Manchester on 27 December 1970 (where we overnighted) under the command of a Captain Futcher, before Dad and his crew operated Manchester-Prestwick-New York arriving 28th December 1970. We spent two nights in New York according to my father's log books (which I am looking at right now). His crew consisted of FOs L.C. James and W.P.D. Jeffries, and  FE K. Thorington. I remember there being a young SO aboard too, but his name is not recorded.

The return flight left New York in the evening of 30th December 1970, and involved passenger sectors from New York to Prestwick, and Prestwick to Manchester under the command of Captain Goulbourn, before Dad commanded a positioning flight from Manchester to LHR in G-ARVF. After landing we taxied to the maintenance hangar, arriving at 11:37 Am on 31 December 1970.

There, we found about half of the BOAC Board of Directors waiting to meet the flight and mark my father's retirement. He was due to retire on 6th January 1971, and I guess the company had figured out that there simply wasn't enough time remaining for required rest and another operating trip before that date. 

Dad hated a 'fuss', and although he was pleased by the small, informal ceremony he was also a little embarrassed. My father was also disappointed not to have one more, final trip for BOAC. He ended his airline career with 3,290 hours on the VC10, out of an eventual lifetime total of 18,871 hrs 57 mins.

Dad's planned retirement to Inverness in Scotland was initially postponed by a two-year stint in Zambia (1972 to 1974), where he was Chief Operations Officer for the Zambian DCA (Department of Civil Aviation). This was immediately followed by two years as a Technical Expert for the UN, who posted him to Dacca, where he was Flight Operations Inspector and Chief Pilot Examiner for the DCA of the newly-independent Bangladesh from 1974 to 1976.

Amongst the more dubious events experienced in Bangladesh was that of living through the military coup in August 1975, which toppled Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, who had been the first Prime Minister post-independence.

Inverness was finally reached in 1976, and my father became first an AFI and then a QFI at the Highland Aero Club at the Dalcross Airport just outside town. I was amongst his flight students, and he taught me to fly to my PPL in 1978.  Dad's very last flight was in command of a Cessna 152/G-BIHE ('Dalcross Local') in Inverness on 7th March 1983.

In 1983, after all we children had left home, the house in Inverness became far too large for my mother and father, so they moved to Bowral, NSW in Australia, where they lived for 17 happy years before my father passed away in October 2000, at the age of 86.

Harry Nicholls remained a friend in retirement, and ended up in New Zealand, where my parents visited Harry and his wife sometime in the late 1980s or early 1990s.

Dad was also great friends with Harry Sherwood (another VC10 Captain), who pre-deceased my father. But my mother and Harry's widow, Shirley, remain close and still correspond and visit with each other - the last time being earlier this month, when my mother visited the UK. Thus, the association between BOAC and my family now spans 66 years in all - how many other airlines could claim such longevity of loyalty, I wonder?

I once asked my father which aircraft, of all the numerous types he had flown in a career which ultimately spanned 44 years aloft, was his favourite? He answered without hesitation: "The VC10. It truly was superb."

My father was not a man given to overstatement."

As a nice addition to the story above the following bit puts the inaugural flight of the Super VC10 across the Atlantic in perspective. In anticipation of that first flight a bar on New York's West 44th street called The Berkely Room created the Super VC10 cocktail - half a jigger of Cointreau, six drops of Creme de Cacao, two jiggers of brandy and a sprig of mint. It was shaken and served, julep-style, over cracked ice. Now have a look at this story: VC10 on Times Square, to get a view of how BOAC advertised the Super VC10 in New York in 1965. Together it provides a flavour of how much the VC10's service was appreciated by BOAC and the public that flew on it.

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Gwyn Mullet 1946 - 2015

Photo J. Hieminga

I didn't find out until several weeks later that Gwyn Mullet passed away in his sleep on 23 June 2015. After his fourth retirement in 2010 Gwyn settled down in Berlin with his wife Johanna and put pen to paper to record the ups and downs of his flying and personal life. This led to two books of which part one covers his early years, flying training and early BOAC/BA career on the VC10 and 747. Part two chronicles the rest of his BA career on the 737 and 747 and he had a part three in the works to explain how he managed to retire three more times after the first such occasion from BA in 2001.

In his books he did not spare himself, he was brutally honest about the adventures he found himself in and the results on his personal life. This honesty is coupled with a good sense of humour which undoubtedly helped him through some darker times. The end result of this are two very readable books that provide an insight into the life and loves of an airline pilot who flew for a mainline airline for over 30 years. He was kind enough to share some of his stories for use on my site and if you want a taster, please do have a look at The Atlantic Dash and African Fruitbaskets. He was a great storyteller and a true gentleman. I'll shamelessly plug his books here. Sadly he never got around to finishing part three.

Click the image below for part 1.

Click the image below for part 2.

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Christopher Orlebar 1945 - 2018

On 24th February 2018, Captain Chris Orlebar passed away aged 73. Although well known as an expert on everything Concorde, and writer of one of the best-selling books about the supersonic transport (visitors to his flight deck often had the option of purchasing one as well), Orlebar joined BOAC in 1969 and flew the VC10 as a pilot, navigator and later instructor until he moved to the Concorde fleet in 1976. He was closely involved with the rebuild of G-BBDG at Brooklands Museum, often turning up to check on progress, or chatting with visitors and volunteers. At the 50th anniversary of G-ARTA's first flight he was one of the speakers, talking about what it was like to fly the VC10. On 24th September 2013 he turned up at Dunsfold in his blue MGB to welcome ZA150 after its final flight, shooting video of the whole event. Not long after the landing he was in the cockpit, strapping himself into the captain's seat and chatting about what a great aeroplane the VC10 was to fly.

Photos J. Hieminga

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Navigator Basil Payton

Basil Payton joined BOAC in 1946, at the age of 26, after serving as a navigator with the RAF in Burma. One particular flight across ‘the Hump’ had earned him the Croix de Guerre for service to the French. His BOAC service lasted for 18 years until he left to join BUA in 1964. He really enjoyed flying the VC10 and always spoke fondly of the aircraft. When Nigeria Airways bought G-ARVA from BOAC in September 1969 they didn't have enough crew members to operate the aircraft with a full Nigeria Airways crew and Basil Payton got the opportunity to fly for Nigeria Airways for a while. BUA seconded him to Nigeria Airways where he fulfilled the navigation tasks on 5N-ABD through a validation of his British Flight Navigator's license by the Nigerian authorities.

Basil Payton as a younger man.
Photo via C. Galt

5N-ABD's navigator Basil Payton.
Photo via C. Galt

On 19 November 1969 he had been off duty for six days and turned up at London Heathrow airport to operate Nigeria Airways flight WT925 which left London for Lagos at 22:10 in the evening. The aircraft made transit stops at Rome and Kano before leaving for their final stop at Lagos, Nigeria at 6:24 on 20th November 1969. An hour later the aircraft crashed while on approach to Lagos, killing all on board.

His daughter Claire was just 14 when this happened and remembers the mystery and silence surrounding the accident. Over the years she has done her best to learn more about the circumstances and has travelled to Nigeria to visit the accident site and the, sadly neglected, communal grave on the Atan Cemetary in Lagos where many of the victims were buried. At the site where 5N-ABD ended up there were several parts of the aircraft still scattered around the area, lying in the scrub.

The grave where many of the victims of the 5N-ABD crash in Nigeria are buried.

The grave is marked by a larger memorial stone.

A closer view of the memorial stone.

A piece of metalwork, perhaps an access panel.

The remains of what appear to be pneumatic ducts.

Basil Payton's daughter with the remains of 5N-ABD at the accident site.

Photos C. Galt

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Roy Radford - 25 April 1928 – 4 March 2017

Well known for his flights in BAC 1-11 G-ASYD and Concorde, Roy Radford also captained the first flight of the K2 tanker variant of the VC10 on 22nd June 1982, together with John Lewis. Roy had been in the RAF since 1946 and flew both Valiants and Victors before taking an ETPS course and joining A&AEE at Boscombe Down. In 1964 Roy left the RAF and became a test pilot for BAC under Chief Test Pilot Brian Trubshaw. He captained two first flights for G-ASYD and became Chief Test Pilot himself in 1981. In 1985 he became the Flight Operations manager at Filton, a post that he held until his retirement in 1989. Roy Radford passed away on 4th March 2017, aged 88.

The BAe newsletter announcing ZA141's first flight

Official photo of Roy Radford as BAC test pilot with 1-11 G-ASYD.
Photo copyright BAE Systems/collection J. Hieminga

Roy answering questions from the audience at the VC10's 50th anniversary gathering.
Photo J. Hieminga

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Arthur Ricketts 1938-2019

Born in July 1938, Arthur grew up in the West Midlands, later moving to Birmingham where, as a 12-year old, he was captivated by the various aircraft types at the Castle Bromwich Battle of Britain day. The aviation ‘bug’ then led him to the Birmingham and District Aviation Club as well as the Royal Observer Corps. His love of aviation sometimes got in the way of his schoolwork, which is illustrated by him visiting the National Air Races at Baginton airfield instead of turning up for two exams when he was sixteen years old. This did get him into the air for the first time when he talked his way into a spare seat on a Taylorcraft heading back to Birmingham from Baginton.

A few months working for the local library service while obtaining the required GCEs culminated in Arthur joining the RAF in 1957, but unfortunately the aircrew medical and later on the 1957 Defense White Paper turned out to be the barrier between him and a RAF cockpit. His service was spent mostly at RAF Chivenor, as a Leading Aircraftsman with the ATC unit. His overseas posting saw Arthur ending up at RAF Eastleigh, Kenya, after a sea passage via Aden. His two and a half years here would be the start of a long association with East Africa, and was where he got married, obtained his first flying licence and where he would integrate flying in a variety of types with his job in the ATC unit, for various surveying purposes, before returning to the UK in 1960.

Arthur in a Twin Otter cockpit, his first command for EAA.
Photo A. Ricketts via M. Ricketts

Together with a colleague on the EAA DC-9.
Photo A. Ricketts via M. Ricketts

After completing his RAF service, Arthur found a first paid flying job with Marshall’s of Cambridge in 1961, flying Piston Provosts and the de Havilland Vampires as a ‘Flight Safety Observer’ for the School of Air Traffic Control. It is difficult to summarise his flying career from here on, as Arthur managed to self-support every single step up from his PPL to a CPL, an instrument rating, a multi-engine rating and all the way up to an Air Transport Pilot License over the course of many years and almost as many different aircraft types, jobs and locations. With a fresh CPL and instrument rating, Arthur moved back to East Africa in 1965 where he flew for Safari Air Services for two years, enjoying the beautiful countryside with his wife and young son, before embarking on studying for his ATPL licence back in the UK. In 1968, having finished his studies and with an ATPL in hand he returned once again to East Africa, flying for Tim Air before joining East Africa Airways in July 1968. It was this airline that would see him move quickly from the right seat of a Fokker F-27 to command on a DHC-6 Twin Otter after a conversion onto the Comet IV that did not lead to any line flying on this jet. After a stint back on the F-27 he moved on to the DC-9 before being offered a chance to move onto the Super VC10. He quickly moved up in the ranks and was entrusted with CofA renewal flights, three engine ferries and carrying an extra engine back to London. He continued to fly the type right up until the end of EAA’s days as an airline but continued flying smaller types for a local operator and the local air club as well. A couple of months freelancing for his old boss at Safari Air Services led up to his offer of flying the four Super VC10s back to the UK being accepted by BAC. He rounded up a crew of ex-EAA crew members and along the way re-acquainted Eddie McNamara, Brian Trubshaw and Peter Baker with the VC10, renewing their type ratings during two training flights from Filton on 5H-MMT on a special dispensation from the CAA. Later on, when Eddie McNamara and Peter Baker visited Nairobi in development Concorde 202, they called Arthur and invited him along on some test flights the next day during which Eddie got out of his seat to let him hand-fly the supersonic airliner. He found the flight deck to be very similar to the VC10 and was right at home, flying the ILS down to the beacon several times.

This photo was taken at Filton after 5H-MOG's ferry flight from Nairobi.
Photo A. Ricketts

5H-MOG seen next to development Concorde G-BBDG at Filton, the same Concorde that Arthur would later fly himself.
Photo A. Ricketts

A couple of years with Kenya Airways in Nairobi followed EAA’s collapse, by which time the East African airlines were moving away from using expat British crew members. Arthur then contacted Eddie McNamara to see if BAe would be interested in taking him on, which led to a job as training captain, demonstration pilot and ferrying people around between the various BAe locations for nine years. It was during a training flight for a Botswana Defence Force pilot with the President of Botswana on board that the BAe 125-800 he was flying was hit by an air-to-air missile from an Angolan MiG-23 that removed the no.2 engine from the jet and severely damaged it, knocking out his trainee in the left seat. Arthur then took control and skilfully recovered the now single-engined business jet and landed it at the nearest airstrip. This feat earned him a FAI Diploma of Outstanding Airmanship, an award that is only given out once a year at most.

1990 saw Arthur leaving BAe after nine years, but his BAe 125 type rating would not go un-used as he spent the next fifteen years in various freelance and salaried jobs for a variety of 125 users, including a position as corporate pilot for Ayrton Senna. As he got closer and closer to the age of 65 and the impending end of a professional flying career, he took more time off to fly historic aircraft, light aircraft at various clubs and gained a seaplane rating in Florida, which he later used during several trips to Lake Como to explore the Italian countryside. Even after quitting the life of a professional pilot, he could not stay away from aircraft and he continued adding types and experiences to his logbook, alongside longer holidays around the world with his second wife.

In 2013, Arthur was at Bruntingthorpe waiting for ZA147 to arrive after its final flight, and when he heard that it was ex-5H-MMT that we were waiting for, he quipped 'it will never get here!' as this airframe was known to be a troublemaker during its EAA career. That same Super VC10 was the airframe that Arthur had flown his first training flights on after completing simulator training in September 1975.

On the flightdeck of an EAA VC10 together with a friend's wife, while enroute to Frankfurt.
Photo A. Ricketts via M. Ricketts

At Bruntingthorpe on the occasion of the VC10's final flight.
Photo J. Hieminga

Arthur Ricketts followed a path into aviation that can never be replicated as the industry has changed so much, but he was also the ultimate total-aviation-person as he never quit flying until a medical condition forced him to suspend his medical in December 2018. He managed to beat the odds and had his medical reinstated three months after his eighty-first birthday, in October 2019. He had a flight planned for 6th December 2019 but on 5th December his heart, possibly weakened after months of medical troubles, gave out and ended the career of this ‘Ancient Aviator’ as he liked to call himself. His logbook totals show 153 types and variants for a total of 16,462 hours up to July 2019, having landed at 6001 different airfields and seaplane bases during his life.

Source: Antics of the Ancient Aviator, Arthur J. Ricketts, with thanks to Marjorie Ricketts.

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Richard Lawrence 'Richie' Spence 1956 - 1995

Having every reason to be proud, Richie was promoted to sergeant at 21 years old. He was one of the youngest sergeants at the time.
Photo via J. Macrae

Richie Spence’s first logged flight was in a Vickers Varsity with 6FTS at RAF Finningley in August 1975, when he was 19 years old. This first flight was an Air Orientation Exercise, which is probably a fancy term to describe a first taste of what it felt to be aloft in an aircraft. Most likely it did not disappoint, as the next flight was less than a month later, and within two months of that occasion Richie was an Air Engineer and moved on to 8 Squadron at RAF Lossiemouth for further training on the Avro Shackleton. After a first flight in the ‘Growler’ during January 1976, he settled in with 8 Squadron and became an instructor and examiner for other Air Engineers by the time he was 24 years old. By May 1981 he had accumulated 2,800 hours as an Air Engineer and it was time to move on to another challenge.

The next stop on his career path was No.43 course with No.241 OCU at RAF Brize Norton, to convert to the Vickers VC10s of No.10 Squadron. In September 1981 he started his association with the VC10, on the simulator initially but by the end of the month he had logged his first hours behind the Flight Engineer’s panel of XV104. During his training he encountered flights to Bahrain, Colombo, Singapore, Hong Kong, Gander, Halifax and many other destinations, which was a taste of what the next eight years of his life would look like.

This was before the C1K conversions and 10 Squadron operated a very reliable service, carrying personnel and cargo all across the world, supporting many different operations. This included OP CORPORATE, the battle over the Falklands Islands, during which Richie logged flights between Ascension Island and Brize Norton, but also the regular runs to Akrotiri and Washington.

On 15 September 1985 Richie was part of Richard King's crew when XV104 overflew the dedication ceremony for the 10 Squadron memorial on the former RAF Melbourne airfield.
Photo 10 Squadron Association

As he gained experience on the VC10, Richie got back into instructing and examining on this type, but also became qualified to carry VIPs. This was a special qualification that was reserved for crew members with a higher than average assessment. It meant that Richie was tasked with flights that could be a bit special. Examples include flights like:

  • On 15th November 1985 Richie flew in XV102, carrying the Prime Minister, Mrs. Thatcher, from London Heathrow to Belfast and back again. Mrs. Thatcher met with the Taoiseach, Garret FitzGerald, to sign an agreement about Northern Ireland.
  • On 21st November 1985 Mrs. Thatcher was on board XV102 again, this time to Brussels to meet Ronald Reagan, who was on his way back to the USA from Moscow, having just met Gorbachev.
  • On 15th January 1986 he operated on XV108, carrying the Foreign Secretary from Kuwait to London Heathrow.
  • On 20th January 1986, together with Sqn Ldr Neil as Captain, XV105 carried the Prime Minister from London Heathrow to Lille and back, which earned them personal note from the PM two days later. This was for an Anglo-French summit during which the construction of the Channel Tunnel was announced.
  • XV105 was used again in May 1986, with Sqn Ldr Neil as Captain, to fly the PM from Anchorage to Seoul, Seoul to Pusan, also in South Korea, from Pusan to Tokyo and on towards Anchorage. This was the first visit of a British PM to South Korea.
  • Sqn Ldr Neil's crew, including Richie, took over XV109 for the Anchorage to London Heathrow leg on 13th May 1986, carrying the Prince and Princess of Wales back home after their visit to Japan.
  • 19 March 1989, HRH Prince Charles and Princess Diana were flown from Khamis Mushait in Saudi Arabia to Brize Norton on XV102. They had taken a quick tour of the Middle East, stopping in Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Oman and Bahrain.

Showing his family around RAF Brize Norton, including VC10 C1 XV108.
Photo J. Macrae

After a flight on XV109 from Washington to Brize Norton on 22 January 1989, Richie left 10 Squadron, moving to No.216 Squadron and their Tristars. He stayed with 216 Squadron for just three years, moving on to Nimrods with No.206 Squadron at RAF Kinloss in March 1994. Sadly, after a reconnaissance flight over the Adriatic Sea from Sigonella Air Base in Nimrod XV255 on 16 February 1995, Richie became seriously ill and had to be moved to a specialist hospital in Germany, where he passed away aged only 38.

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Brian Trubshaw

On 24 March 2001 well known test pilot Brian Trubshaw passed away, aged 77. While Trubshaw was co-pilot on the first flight of G-ARTA, Jock Bryce who shared the cockpit on that occasion soon moved on to other projects, leaving Brian Trubshaw in charge of the development work on the VC10. Later on Brian Trubshaw became a household name as he piloted British built Concorde 002 on it's first flight from Filton, Bristol.

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Designer Maurice Wilmer

Michelle Van-Stein has fond memories connected to this picture as it shows her father, Maurice Wilmer. While working for Vickers he was appointed Fuselage Project Manager on the Engineering team for the design of the VC10.

Maurice Wilmer looking at an engineering drawing in front of the VC10 production line
Photo collection Fam. Van-Stein

This second photo is from the Brooklands Museum archives and shows a scene in the Vickers Weybridge Advanced Project Office in 1957 with four engineers looking over a drawing of an aircraft tail. It does not appear to be a VC10 tail but may be of one of the forerunners that led to the VC10 design. Maurice Wilmer is third from the left. Amongst the others are John Davis, Chief Weights Engineer who was also on the engineering team and Ernie Marshall, Chief Project Engineer.

From left to right: John Davis, Ernie Marshall, Maurice Wilmer, Sammy Walsh.
Photo BAE SYSTEMS/Brooklands Museum archives

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